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WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. First Part. - Noticias de Iran
Iran Monumentos y Cultura

WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. First Part.

Enviado por Oficinas-Turismo el Lunes, 09 Marzo de 2015 a las 22:47:19

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the General Assembly.
There are 17 cultural sites in Iran known as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. In the following table these sites are listed in the order of the year they have been submitted.


WORLD HERITAGE SITES


Shahr-i Sokhta

meaning ‘Burnt City’, is located at the junction of Bronze Age trade routes crossing the Iranian plateau. The remains of the mudbrick city represent the emergence of the first complex societies in eastern Iran. Founded around 3200 BC, it was populated during four main periods up to 1800 BC, during which time there developed several distinct areas within the city: those where monuments were built, and separate quarters for housing, burial and manufacture. Diversions in water courses and climate change led to the eventual abandonment of the city in the early second millennium. The structures, burial grounds and large number of significant artefacts unearthed there, and their well-preserved state due to the dry desert climate, make this site a rich source of information regarding the emergence of complex societies and contacts between them in the third millennium BC.


The lavish Golestan Palace

is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, which came into power in 1779 and made Teheran the capital of the country. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the 19th century. It became a centre of Qajari arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and crafts and elements of 18th century architecture and technology.





Gonbad-e Qābus

The 53 meter hight tomb built in ad 1006 for Qābus Ibn Voshmgir, Ziyarid ruler and literati, near the ruins of the ancient city of Jorjan in north-east Iran, bears testimony to the cultural exchange between Central Asian nomads and the ancient civilization of Iran. The tower is the only remaining evidence of Jorjan, a former centre of arts and science that was destroyed during the Mongols’ invasion in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is an outstanding and technologically innovative example of Islamic architecture that influenced sacral building in Iran, Anatolia and Central Asia. Built of unglazed fired bricks, the monument’s intricate geometric forms constitute a tapering cylinder with a diameter of 17–15.5 m, topped by a conical brick roof. It illustrates the development of mathematics and science in the Muslim world at the turn of the first millennium AD.


Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan

Located in the historic centre of Isfahan, the Masjed-e Jāmé (‘Friday mosque’) can be seen as a stunning illustration of the evolution of mosque architecture over twelve centuries, starting in ad 841. It is the oldest preserved edifice of its type in Iran and a prototype for later mosque designs throughout Central Asia. The complex, covering more than 20,000 m2, is also the first Islamic building that adapted the four-courtyard layout of Sassanid palaces to Islamic religious architecture. Its double-shelled ribbed domes represent an architectural innovation that inspired builders throughout the region. The site also features remarkable decorative details representative of stylistic developments over more than a thousand years of Islamic art.

*** Imagen borrada de Tinypic ***

The Persian Garden

The property includes nine gardens in as many provinces. They exemplify the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots in the times of Cyrus the Great, 6th century BC. Always divided into four sectors, with water playing an important role for both irrigation and ornamentation, the Persian garden was conceived to symbolize Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants. These gardens, dating back to different periods since the 6th century BC, also feature buildings, pavilions and walls, as well as sophisticated irrigation systems. They have influenced the art of garden design as far as India and Spain.
The Persian Garden consists of a collection of nine gardens, selected from various regions of Iran, which tangibly represent the diverse forms that this type of designed garden has assumed over the centuries and in different climatic conditions. They reflect the flexibility of the Chahar Bagh, or originating principle, of the Persian Garden, which has persisted unchanged over more than two millennia since its first mature expression was found in the garden of Cyrus the Great's Palatial complex, in Pasargadae. Natural elements combine with manmade components in the Persian Garden to create a unique artistic achievement that reflects the ideals of art, philosophical, symbolic and religious concepts. The Persian Garden materialises the concept of Eden or Paradise on Earth.


Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil

Built between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of the 18th century, this place of spiritual retreat in the Sufi tradition uses Iranian traditional architectural forms to maximize use of available space to accommodate a variety of functions (including a library, a mosque, a school, mausolea, a cistern, a hospital, kitchens, a bakery, and some offices). It incorporates a route to reach the shrine of the Sheikh divided into seven segments, which mirror the seven stages of Sufi mysticism, separated by eight gates, which represent the eight attitudes of Sufism. The ensemble includes well-preserved and richly ornamented facades and interiors, with a remarkable collection of antique artefacts. It constitutes a rare ensemble of elements of medieval Islamic architecture.


Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex

Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but remained important as a commercial hub until the end of the 18th century, with the expansion of Ottoman power. It is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran.



Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It forms a spectacular cliff from which water cascades into a downstream basin. It then enters the plain situated south of the city where it has enabled the planting of orchards and farming over an area of 40,000 ha. known as Mianâb (Paradise). The property has an ensemble of remarkable sites including the Salâsel Castel, the operation centre of the entire hydraulic system, the tower where the water level is measured, damns, bridges, basins and mills. It bears witness to the know-how of the Elamites and Mesopotamians as well as more recent Nabatean expertise and Roman building influence.



Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

The Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran, in the north-west of the country, consists of three monastic ensembles of the Armenian Christian faith: St Thaddeus and St Stepanos and the Chapel of Dzordzor. These edifices - the oldest of which, St Thaddeus, dates back to the 7th century – are examples of outstanding universal value of the Armenian architectural and decorative traditions. They bear testimony to very important interchanges with the other regional cultures, in particular the Byzantine, Orthodox and Persian. Situated on the south-eastern fringe of the main zone of the Armenian cultural space, the monasteries constituted a major centre for the dissemination of that culture in the region. They are the last regional remains of this culture that are still in a satisfactory state of integrity and authenticity. Furthermore, as places of pilgrimage, the monastic ensembles are living witnesses of Armenian religious traditions through the centuries.



Read more in: WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. SECOND PART


INFORMATION PROVIDED: www.tourismiran.ir/
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Enviado por Oficinas-Turismo el Lunes, 09 Marzo de 2015 a las 22:47:19 (4009 Lecturas) Puntuación Promedio: 5 y 3 votos


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sira61
Sira61
Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
Feb 03, 2008
Mensajes: 1316

Fecha: Mar Ene 28, 2020 05:19 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Qom también es muy interesante y nosotros lo pusimos en el trayecto de Kashan a Teherán:
Noche en kashan, primero ver el Jardín de Fin, Mezquita Agha Bozorg y la Casa histórica de Boroyerdi. Salir de ruta hacia Teherán parando en Qom para visitar el "Sagrado Mausoleo de Masumeh" (todos los tejados dorados son de oro por donaciones) y llegada a Teherán.
orchha13
Orchha13
Silver Traveller
Silver Traveller
Feb 24, 2014
Mensajes: 16

Fecha: Sab Feb 22, 2020 06:30 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Buenas!! Estoy planificando un viaje a Irán , ya tengo los billetes, iríamos del 22 de mayo al 10 de junio, 20 días en total que quitando los vuelos se quedan en 18. Ya me he leído los diarios y mucha información del foro, tengo más o menos claro lo que quiero (hay muchas zonas que me encantaría ver, pero no hay tiempo). Me gustaría mostraros los dos posibles itinerarios que he hecho, a ver cuál veis mejor, o qué cambiaríais. ITINERARIO 1 1.(22 M) Vuelo MADRID-ESTAMBUL-TEHERÁN 2. (23 M) (Por la mañana vuelo a la isla de Quesm )QESHM 3. (24 M) QESHM. VISITA ISLA ORMUZ O HENGAM...  Leer más ...
orchha13
Orchha13
Silver Traveller
Silver Traveller
Feb 24, 2014
Mensajes: 16

Fecha: Sab Feb 22, 2020 06:35 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

No sé si el segundo itinerario está demasiado ajustado y con poco tiempo en las ciudades principales...pero es que me apetecía mucho visitar la zona de los Zagros para pasar una noche con los nómadas y ver el pueblo de Sar Agha Seyed, que parece precioso. También podría prescindir de los 3 días en Qeshm y empezar la ruta por KERMAN.
¿Alguien que haya estado en estos lugares? Qué aconsejáis más? Muchísimas gracias!
miguelang031075
Miguelang031075
Moderador de Zona
Moderador de Zona
May 24, 2007
Mensajes: 13418

Fecha: Sab Feb 22, 2020 07:45 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Hola,

en Kashan me parece que te va a sobrar demasiado tiempo. En mediodía se visita todo, así que adelantaría el viaje a Qom y Teherán un día. Por otro lado, pienso que en Shiraz te hace falta otro día.

La isla de Qeshm y los montes Zagros no los conozco. Yo estuve en Ahwan, para hacer una excursión por los alrededores.

Saludos.
orchha13
Orchha13
Silver Traveller
Silver Traveller
Feb 24, 2014
Mensajes: 16

Fecha: Dom Feb 23, 2020 09:42 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Gracias por tu respuesta Miguel Ángel! He leído en la página de Asuntos Exteriores que no aconsejan ir a la zona del Golfo Pérsico, esto supongo que incluye la isla de Qeshm. Así que no sé qué haremos, si es que podemos hacer algo, porque también acabo de ver que se han cancelado los vuelos de Irán a Turquía por el coronavirus. Espero que cambie la situación de aquí a mayo...
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