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WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. First Part. - Noticias de Iran
Iran Monumentos y Cultura

WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. First Part.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the General Assembly.
There are 17 cultural sites in Iran known as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. In the following table these sites are listed in the order of the year they have been submitted.


WORLD HERITAGE SITES


Shahr-i Sokhta

meaning ‘Burnt City’, is located at the junction of Bronze Age trade routes crossing the Iranian plateau. The remains of the mudbrick city represent the emergence of the first complex societies in eastern Iran. Founded around 3200 BC, it was populated during four main periods up to 1800 BC, during which time there developed several distinct areas within the city: those where monuments were built, and separate quarters for housing, burial and manufacture. Diversions in water courses and climate change led to the eventual abandonment of the city in the early second millennium. The structures, burial grounds and large number of significant artefacts unearthed there, and their well-preserved state due to the dry desert climate, make this site a rich source of information regarding the emergence of complex societies and contacts between them in the third millennium BC.


The lavish Golestan Palace

is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, which came into power in 1779 and made Teheran the capital of the country. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the 19th century. It became a centre of Qajari arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and crafts and elements of 18th century architecture and technology.





Gonbad-e Qābus

The 53 meter hight tomb built in ad 1006 for Qābus Ibn Voshmgir, Ziyarid ruler and literati, near the ruins of the ancient city of Jorjan in north-east Iran, bears testimony to the cultural exchange between Central Asian nomads and the ancient civilization of Iran. The tower is the only remaining evidence of Jorjan, a former centre of arts and science that was destroyed during the Mongols’ invasion in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is an outstanding and technologically innovative example of Islamic architecture that influenced sacral building in Iran, Anatolia and Central Asia. Built of unglazed fired bricks, the monument’s intricate geometric forms constitute a tapering cylinder with a diameter of 17–15.5 m, topped by a conical brick roof. It illustrates the development of mathematics and science in the Muslim world at the turn of the first millennium AD.


Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan

Located in the historic centre of Isfahan, the Masjed-e Jāmé (‘Friday mosque’) can be seen as a stunning illustration of the evolution of mosque architecture over twelve centuries, starting in ad 841. It is the oldest preserved edifice of its type in Iran and a prototype for later mosque designs throughout Central Asia. The complex, covering more than 20,000 m2, is also the first Islamic building that adapted the four-courtyard layout of Sassanid palaces to Islamic religious architecture. Its double-shelled ribbed domes represent an architectural innovation that inspired builders throughout the region. The site also features remarkable decorative details representative of stylistic developments over more than a thousand years of Islamic art.

*** Imagen borrada de Tinypic ***

The Persian Garden

The property includes nine gardens in as many provinces. They exemplify the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots in the times of Cyrus the Great, 6th century BC. Always divided into four sectors, with water playing an important role for both irrigation and ornamentation, the Persian garden was conceived to symbolize Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants. These gardens, dating back to different periods since the 6th century BC, also feature buildings, pavilions and walls, as well as sophisticated irrigation systems. They have influenced the art of garden design as far as India and Spain.
The Persian Garden consists of a collection of nine gardens, selected from various regions of Iran, which tangibly represent the diverse forms that this type of designed garden has assumed over the centuries and in different climatic conditions. They reflect the flexibility of the Chahar Bagh, or originating principle, of the Persian Garden, which has persisted unchanged over more than two millennia since its first mature expression was found in the garden of Cyrus the Great's Palatial complex, in Pasargadae. Natural elements combine with manmade components in the Persian Garden to create a unique artistic achievement that reflects the ideals of art, philosophical, symbolic and religious concepts. The Persian Garden materialises the concept of Eden or Paradise on Earth.


Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil

Built between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of the 18th century, this place of spiritual retreat in the Sufi tradition uses Iranian traditional architectural forms to maximize use of available space to accommodate a variety of functions (including a library, a mosque, a school, mausolea, a cistern, a hospital, kitchens, a bakery, and some offices). It incorporates a route to reach the shrine of the Sheikh divided into seven segments, which mirror the seven stages of Sufi mysticism, separated by eight gates, which represent the eight attitudes of Sufism. The ensemble includes well-preserved and richly ornamented facades and interiors, with a remarkable collection of antique artefacts. It constitutes a rare ensemble of elements of medieval Islamic architecture.


Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex

Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but remained important as a commercial hub until the end of the 18th century, with the expansion of Ottoman power. It is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran.



Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It forms a spectacular cliff from which water cascades into a downstream basin. It then enters the plain situated south of the city where it has enabled the planting of orchards and farming over an area of 40,000 ha. known as Mianâb (Paradise). The property has an ensemble of remarkable sites including the Salâsel Castel, the operation centre of the entire hydraulic system, the tower where the water level is measured, damns, bridges, basins and mills. It bears witness to the know-how of the Elamites and Mesopotamians as well as more recent Nabatean expertise and Roman building influence.



Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran

The Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran, in the north-west of the country, consists of three monastic ensembles of the Armenian Christian faith: St Thaddeus and St Stepanos and the Chapel of Dzordzor. These edifices - the oldest of which, St Thaddeus, dates back to the 7th century – are examples of outstanding universal value of the Armenian architectural and decorative traditions. They bear testimony to very important interchanges with the other regional cultures, in particular the Byzantine, Orthodox and Persian. Situated on the south-eastern fringe of the main zone of the Armenian cultural space, the monasteries constituted a major centre for the dissemination of that culture in the region. They are the last regional remains of this culture that are still in a satisfactory state of integrity and authenticity. Furthermore, as places of pilgrimage, the monastic ensembles are living witnesses of Armenian religious traditions through the centuries.



Read more in: WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. SECOND PART


INFORMATION PROVIDED: www.tourismiran.ir/
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Enviado por Oficinas-Turismo el Lunes, 09 Marzo de 2015 a las 22:47:19 (2687 Lecturas) Puntuación Promedio: 5 y 3 votos


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Txelito
Txelito
Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
Dic 28, 2010
Mensajes: 1183

Fecha: Jue Ene 16, 2020 10:38 am    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Yo estuve a principios de octubre y te diría que esta bien. Por el mediodía todavía hace calor pero solo tengo recuerdo de pasar mucho calor en Kashan. Respecto a los días que necesitas... pues un poco depende tambien si te mueves en bus o piensas moverte en coche. Pero mas o menos puede ser, como minimo... - Shiraz 2 dias, uno para la ciudad, otro para excursion a Persepolis. - Rayen, con 2-3 horas lo tienes hecho. Lo malo es que o tienes coche propio o tendras que hacerlo como excursion desde Kerman. Yo le daría otros 2 dias a Kerman para ciudad y visitas alrededores. - Yazd, 1 día. 2...  Leer más ...
sira61
Sira61
Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
Feb 03, 2008
Mensajes: 1214

Fecha: Jue Ene 16, 2020 11:32 am    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Nosotros hemos estado en el mes de mayo último del 8 al 20 incluidos. No hemos estado en Bushelhr, llegamos de Madrid a Shinaz y salimos por Teherán Tampoco hemos estado en Rayen- Kerman, cuando preparé el itinerario vi que para esos 13 días era muy apretado. Incluso contemplé in en vuelo y al final desistí, y lo cierto es que me he alegrado porque para nuestro itinerario no nos sobro nada de Tiempo. Salíamos tempranisimo y llegábamos tarde al hotel, hemos aprovechado mucho el viaje y hemos estado en cada lugar el Tiempo que nos apetecía, no nos gusta perdernos nada aunque terminemos...  Leer más ...
Anades
Anades
Travel Addict
Travel Addict
Ene 26, 2017
Mensajes: 60

Fecha: Vie Ene 17, 2020 05:37 am    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Hola SoyeCaneko: El itinerario me parece correcto, con la salvedad que, como te han dicho, Abyaneh puedes hacerlo en el trayecto de Kashan a Isfahan. Es el tininerario más frecuente, al que has añadido Busherh, de la que no se absolutamente nada. En Kerman no dejes de ir al desierto de los kaluts. Días?? Pues depende de tus gustos, yo ese mismo recorrido, sin Busherh, lo hice en 17 días, sin agobios pero sin pausa. Fechas?? Yo fui del 18 de abril al 4 de mayo, tuvimos una temperatura excepcional, y no llovió ni un solo día. El problema lo tuve en encontrar alojamiento, sobre la marcha...  Leer más ...
mabelm
Mabelm
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Travel Addict
Jul 04, 2011
Mensajes: 42

Fecha: Vie Ene 17, 2020 03:32 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

soyeCaneko Escribio:
Buenas!
Tengo 2 dudas.
1) ¿Cómo ven este itinerario para irán y en cuantos días más o menos se podría hacer?


2) ¿Qué fechas me recomiendan para viajar? ¿Abril o Septiembre?

Saludos!

Hola yo incluiria Tabriz y Qom en el recorrido.
Nosotros hicimos este viaje en febrero y fueron 14 dias y el tiempo pasamos del frio en el norte a calor de Tehersn hacia Yazd
sira61
Sira61
Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
Feb 03, 2008
Mensajes: 1214

Fecha: Mar Ene 28, 2020 05:19 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Qom también es muy interesante y nosotros lo pusimos en el trayecto de Kashan a Teherán:
Noche en kashan, primero ver el Jardín de Fin, Mezquita Agha Bozorg y la Casa histórica de Boroyerdi. Salir de ruta hacia Teherán parando en Qom para visitar el "Sagrado Mausoleo de Masumeh" (todos los tejados dorados son de oro por donaciones) y llegada a Teherán.
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