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WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. SECOND PART - Noticias de Iran
Iran Monumentos y Cultura

WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. SECOND PART

Enviado por Oficinas-Turismo el Lunes, 09 Marzo de 2015 a las 23:47:36

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the General Assembly.
There are 17 cultural sites in Iran known as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. In the following table these sites are listed in the order of the year they have been submitted.


WORLD HERITAGE SITES

Coming from: WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. First Part.

Bisotun

is located along the ancient trade route linking the Iranian high plateau with Mesopotamia and features remains from the prehistoric times to the Median, Achaemenid, Sassanian, and Ilkhanid periods. The principal monument of this archaeological site is the bas-relief and cuneiform inscription ordered by Darius I, The Great, when he rose to the throne of the Persian Empire, 521 BC. The bas-relief portrays Darius holding a bow, as a sign of sovereignty, and treading on the chest of a figure who lies on his back before him. According to legend, the figure represents Gaumata, the Median Magus and pretender to the throne whose assassination led to Darius’s rise to power. Below and around the bas-reliefs, there are ca. 1,200 lines of inscriptions telling the story of the battles Darius waged in 521-520 BC against the governors who attempted to take apart the Empire founded by Cyrus. The inscription is written in three languages. The oldest is an Elamite text referring to legends describing the king and the rebellions. This is followed by a Babylonian version of similar legends. The last phase of the inscription is particularly important, as it is here that Darius introduced for the first time the Old Persian version of his res gestae (things done). This is the only known monumental text of the Achaemenids to document the re-establishment of the Empire by Darius I. It also bears witness to the interchange of influences in the development of monumental art and writing in the region of the Persian Empire. There are also remains from the Median period (8th to 7th centuries B.C.) as well as from the Achaemenid (6th to 4th centuries B.C.) and post-Achaemenid periods.

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Soltaniyeh

The mausoleum of Oljaytu was constructed in 1302–12 in the city of Soltaniyeh, the capital of the Ilkhanid dynasty, which was founded by the Mongols. Situated in the province of Zanjan, Soltaniyeh is one of the outstanding examples of the achievements of Persian architecture and a key monument in the development of its Islamic architecture. The octagonal building is crowned with a 50 m tall dome covered in turquoise-blue faience and surrounded by eight slender minarets. It is the earliest existing example of the double-shelled dome in Iran. The mausoleum’s interior decoration is also outstanding and scholars such as A.U. Pope have described the building as ‘anticipating the Taj Mahal’.



Pasargadae

Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the 160-ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II; Tall-e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multicultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples. This was reflected in Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures.


Bam and its Cultural Landscape

Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanāts, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh ).





Takht-e Soleyman

The archaeological site of Takht-e Soleyman, in north-western Iran, is situated in a valley set in a volcanic mountain region. The site includes the principal Zoroastrian sanctuary partly rebuilt in the Ilkhanid (Mongol) period (13th century) as well as a temple of the Sasanian period (6th and 7th centuries) dedicated to Anahita. The site has important symbolic significance. The designs of the fire temple, the palace and the general layout have strongly influenced the development of Islamic architecture.



Meidan Naghshe Jahan (Meidan Imam)

Built by Shah Abbas I the Great at the beginning of the 17th century, and bordered on all sides by monumental buildings linked by a series of two-storeyed arcades, the site is known for the Royal Mosque, the Mosque of Sheykh Lotfollah, the magnificent Portico of Qaysariyyeh and the 15th-century Timurid palace. They are an impressive testimony to the level of social and cultural life in Persia during the Safavid era.

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Persepolis

Founded by Darius I in 518 B.C., Persepolis was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built on an immense half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where the king of kings created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The importance and quality of the monumental ruins make it a unique archaeological site.

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Tchogha Zanbil

The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C., the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of unused bricks left at the site.


This article is the second part of:
WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN IRAN. First Part.

INFORMATION PROVIDED: www.tourismiran.ir
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Enviado por Oficinas-Turismo el Lunes, 09 Marzo de 2015 a las 23:47:36 (4075 Lecturas) Puntuación Promedio: 5 y 3 votos


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sira61
Sira61
Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
Feb 03, 2008
Mensajes: 1316

Fecha: Mar Ene 28, 2020 06:19 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Qom también es muy interesante y nosotros lo pusimos en el trayecto de Kashan a Teherán:
Noche en kashan, primero ver el Jardín de Fin, Mezquita Agha Bozorg y la Casa histórica de Boroyerdi. Salir de ruta hacia Teherán parando en Qom para visitar el "Sagrado Mausoleo de Masumeh" (todos los tejados dorados son de oro por donaciones) y llegada a Teherán.
orchha13
Orchha13
Silver Traveller
Silver Traveller
Feb 24, 2014
Mensajes: 16

Fecha: Sab Feb 22, 2020 07:30 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Buenas!! Estoy planificando un viaje a Irán , ya tengo los billetes, iríamos del 22 de mayo al 10 de junio, 20 días en total que quitando los vuelos se quedan en 18. Ya me he leído los diarios y mucha información del foro, tengo más o menos claro lo que quiero (hay muchas zonas que me encantaría ver, pero no hay tiempo). Me gustaría mostraros los dos posibles itinerarios que he hecho, a ver cuál veis mejor, o qué cambiaríais. ITINERARIO 1 1.(22 M) Vuelo MADRID-ESTAMBUL-TEHERÁN 2. (23 M) (Por la mañana vuelo a la isla de Quesm )QESHM 3. (24 M) QESHM. VISITA ISLA ORMUZ O HENGAM...  Leer más ...
orchha13
Orchha13
Silver Traveller
Silver Traveller
Feb 24, 2014
Mensajes: 16

Fecha: Sab Feb 22, 2020 07:35 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

No sé si el segundo itinerario está demasiado ajustado y con poco tiempo en las ciudades principales...pero es que me apetecía mucho visitar la zona de los Zagros para pasar una noche con los nómadas y ver el pueblo de Sar Agha Seyed, que parece precioso. También podría prescindir de los 3 días en Qeshm y empezar la ruta por KERMAN.
¿Alguien que haya estado en estos lugares? Qué aconsejáis más? Muchísimas gracias!
miguelang031075
Miguelang031075
Moderador de Zona
Moderador de Zona
May 24, 2007
Mensajes: 13391

Fecha: Sab Feb 22, 2020 08:45 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Hola,

en Kashan me parece que te va a sobrar demasiado tiempo. En mediodía se visita todo, así que adelantaría el viaje a Qom y Teherán un día. Por otro lado, pienso que en Shiraz te hace falta otro día.

La isla de Qeshm y los montes Zagros no los conozco. Yo estuve en Ahwan, para hacer una excursión por los alrededores.

Saludos.
orchha13
Orchha13
Silver Traveller
Silver Traveller
Feb 24, 2014
Mensajes: 16

Fecha: Dom Feb 23, 2020 10:42 pm    Título: Re: Viajar a Irán - Itinerarios - Rutas

Gracias por tu respuesta Miguel Ángel! He leído en la página de Asuntos Exteriores que no aconsejan ir a la zona del Golfo Pérsico, esto supongo que incluye la isla de Qeshm. Así que no sé qué haremos, si es que podemos hacer algo, porque también acabo de ver que se han cancelado los vuelos de Irán a Turquía por el coronavirus. Espero que cambie la situación de aquí a mayo...
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